The DAM's permanent exhibition “From primitive hut to skyscraper” features twenty-five true-to-life models built on the basis of exact scientific findings - faithful copies which illustrate the development of human housing.
The first known human dwelling consisted of branches closely set to form a roof which may have lent against a log supported by two forked branches. (Dwelling of Homo Erectus by the Shore at Nice, c. 400000 B.C.). Apart from more models of the Mesolithic and the Sumerian civilisation, the collection also includes the famous Terraced Temples of the Pharaohs at Dêr el-Bahari (Egypt), c. 1400 B.C., the model of the leading Greek city between 1600 and 1200 B.C. Mycenae, the reconstructed forum of Pompeji (Italy), 79 A.D., which provides an excellent insight into roman life and architecture, and the first planned Renaissance ideal city of the humanist Pope Pius II at Pienza (Italy), c.1460. The Town of Arolsen (Germany, 1710-29) may be regarded as an example of Baroque town planning reflecting the sense of power inherent in Baroque absolutism. The Model of slums in London, c. 1870), reconstructed from a drawing by the French illustrator Gustave Doré shows the living conditions of workers in England at the beginning of industrial capitalism. Also part of the exhibition is the Crystal Palace. The exhibition hall built in London by Joseph Paxton for the Great Exhibition of 1851 as an engineer building became the flagship of a “modern architecture”. It was the beginning of the development of modern High-Rise Buildings shown in the detail of cityscape of New York and the Main Tower in Frankfurt, a building of the 21th Century.